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International Conference on the History of Cartography

21th International Conference on the History of Cartography

21. Nemzetközi Kartográfiatörténeti Konferencia

July 17-22, 2005 — Budapest

Conference website
The conference was held in the Northern Building on the Lágymányos campus of the Eötvös Loránd University. The main coordinator was Zsolt Török, assisted by Krisztina Irás as secretary. A total of 196 people attended the conference, with 39 accompanying persons (numbers from the program, the actual number can be different).

ICHC 2005 co-ordinator was Dr. Zsolt Török, assisted by Ms. Krisztina Irás as secretary of the ICHC 2005 Academic Secretariat. The academic programme was organized with the support of the Academic Programme Committee, headed by Prof. István Klinghammer, Rector of the Eötvös University. Registration, accomodation, travel and logistics was arranged by the Mrs. Ilona Módli and her Conference Secretariat staff at Aktiv Tours Kft.

A total of 60 papers and 37 posters were presented. Biographical statements for each presenter, and abstracts of all papers in English were provided in a printed program.

The overriding conference theme was Changing Borders, other conference themes were (1) mapping the Habsburg Empire, (2) the history of military mapping, (3) Old World - New Worlds, and (4) any other aspect of the history of cartography.
Three exhibitions were prepared in conjunction with the conference:

  1. "Margaritae Cartographicae: Treasures of the National Library" at the National Széchényi Library.
  2. "Earth and Sky: Astronomy and Geography at the University" at the Eötvös University Library.
  3. "Military maps in Hungary from the 16th to the 20th century" at the Military Historical Institute and Museum.
On Saturday, 23 July, 2005 there was a tour to Pannonhalma Benedictine Archabbey, to vist the exhibition "Sacred Places on Maps".

On Saturday, July 16, the International Society of Curators of Early Maps held its biennial meeting during a special tour in the town of Kalocsa, combined with a tour and visit of the Archdiocesan Library.
The standing commission on the History of Cartography of the International Cartographic Association (ICA) was held on 19 July.

The Farewell dinner was at Lazar Horse Park, Gödöllö.


    Sunday, 17 July, 2005
    Session I: Medieval Maps, Chair: Paul D. Harvey

  1. Florian Mittenhuber, The New Edition of Ptolemy's Geography
  2. David J. Wrisley, Lebanon Mapping Space and Power in Jean Germain’s Mappemonde Spirituelle (1449)
  3. Alfred Hiatt, UK The world map of Macrobius before 1200

    Session II: From Stars to Mars: Celestial Cartography in the Telescopic Era , Chair: Uta Lindgren, organized by Anna Felicity Herlihy

  4. Anna Felicity Herlihy, Johannes Hevelius and the Value of Celestial Representation in Astronomical Observation
  5. Robert H. van Gent, The Netherlands Mapping the Lunar Shadow: The Earliest Maps of Solar Eclipse Paths (not read)
  6. K. Maria D. Lane, The Lost Planet: Maps of the Planet Mars, 1877-1910

    Session III: Changing Borders, Chair: István Klinghammer

  7. Ariel Salzmann, Frontiers of Sovereignty: Ambiguous Boundaries of the Ottoman Empire
  8. Kirsten Butler, Exploring Legal Boundaries and Resource Rights: Cartography of US Appalachian Lumber, Coal & Mining Rights
  9. Sylvia Schraut, European and World History Conveyed by Historical School Atlases (Germany and Great Britain, 1870-1960)

    Monday, 18 July, 2005
    Session IV: Maps of the Holy Land, Chair: Kenneth Nebenzahl

  10. Paul D.A. Harvey, Maps of the Holy Land, circa 1200: Europe’s oldest sheet map
  11. Alessandro Scafi, Mapping Eden in the Holy Land: The Changing Borders of a Never-Ending Cartographical Enterprise
  12. Rehav Rubin, Stephan Illes and his 3D map of Jerusalem (1873)

    Session V: The History of Cartography Project: An Update and Overview of Current Work, Chair: Catherine Delano-Smith, organized by Matthew Edney

  13. Leimer, Jude. Introduction: Current Status of The History of Cartography
  14. Matthew H. Edney, Designing the Structure for Cartography in the European Enlightenment
  15. Mary S. Pedley, The Nature of Cartography in the European Enlightenment
  16. Mark Monmonier, Cartography after 1900 and the Design of Cartography in the Twentieth Century

    Session VI: David Woodward Memorial Session, Chair: Matthew Edney, organized by Catherine Delano-Smith

  17. Catherine Delano-Smith & Alessandro Scafi, "Painted Surface to Bounded Line" (Woodward, 2001): Cartographical Representation in Manuscript and Print
  18. Jessica Maier, An Important Moment in the History of City Atlases and a Quagmire in Renaissance Map Publishing: The Venetian Town Books of the 1560s
  19. Adele J. Haft, Maps in Twentieth-Century Poetry: Another of Legacy of Brian Harley and David Woodward

    Session VII: Round Table Discussion: Promoting the Use of Historic Maps in Schools, Chair: Ed Dahl, co-organized by James Akerman and Yolanda Theunissen.
    James R. Akerman, George S. Carhart, Ronald E. Grim, Yolanda Theunissen.

    Tuesday, 19 July, 2005
    Session VIII: Map Tales, Chair: David Cobb

  20. Rose Mitchell, The case of the crafty prior and other tales from early English legal maps
  21. Evelyn Edson, The Case of the Missing Map: reconstruction and recreaction of lost maps
  22. Dennis Reinhartz, Ephemeral Cartography?

    Session IX: Coordinates, Projections and Spherical Harmonics, Chair: Mark Monmonier

  23. Ruth Watson, Reclassifying the heart: Johannes Stabius and the invention of the cordiform projection
  24. Kurt Brunner & Gustav Forstner. Errors of Longitude and Prime Meridians in Old Maps and Geographical Tables
  25. John Hessler, Perturbing the Globe: Spherical Harmonics, the Three-Body Problem and the Search for Conformality in Satellite Mapping

    Session X: Verbal and Textual Maps, Chair: Adele Haft, organized by Daniele Dueck

  26. Daniela Dueck, Roman Verbal Cartography through the Prism of Giovanni Boccacio
  27. Ekaterina Simonova-Gudzenko, A 9th century Textual Map of Japan
  28. Vera V. Dorofeeva-Lichtmann, Reconsidering Reconsidered Loss of Ancient Chinese Maps

    Wednesday, 20 July, 2005
    Session XI: Asia Mapped: Historical Dynamics and the Power of Cartography, Chair: Palmira Brummett, Organized by Caverlee Cary

  29. Dawn Rooney, The European Mapping of Southeast Asia
  30. Caverlee Cary & Surat Lerltum. Cartographic Encounter: A Comparison of Tradition and European-style Historic Map in Pre-modern Thailand
  31. Caverlee Cary, Exploring Edo : Urban dynamics and GIS in Japanese Historic Maps

    Session XII: Habsburg Cartography, Chair: Ingrid Kretschmer

  32. Ron E. Hassner, Maps of the Turkish Sieges of Vienna, 1529 and 1683
  33. Charles van den Heuvel, Lines and links. Changing borders between military and urban cartography in the Low Countries in the 16th and 17th centuries
  34. Steven J. Seegel, Some Parallels in 19th Century Habsburg and Russian Imperial Cartography vis-à-vis Poland-Lithuania

    Session XIII: Ottoman Cartography, Chair: Peter Barber, Organized by Palmira Brummett

  35. Karen Pinto, Maps and Exaggeration: Fatih’s Territorial Ambitions Revealed (presented digitally)
  36. Kathryn A. Ebel, To Buda and Beyond: Mapping the European Frontiers of the Ottoman Empire in the Reign of Süleyman the Magnificent
  37. Palmira Brummett, Severed Heads, Fortresses, and the Iconography of Submission in Marking the Ottoman-Hapsburg Frontiers

    Session XIV: New Worlds, Chair: Elri Liebenberg

  38. Júnia Ferreira Furtado, Portuguese Cartography in Eighteenth-Century Brazil: Paradise Lost
  39. Lindsay Frederick Braun, Native Space in the Cartography of the Transvaal, 1830-1910
  40. Martin Warnke, EbsKart: A Digital Reproduction of the Ebstorf World Map

    Thursday, 21 July, 2005
    Session XV: Map, Text, Images, Chair: Joseph H. Fitzgerald

  41. René Tebel, Austria Ship images on early modern maps from the 10th to the 16th centuries as a tool to help dating and arranging the regional origin of anonymous maps
  42. Angelo Cattaneo, From Texts to Images: Asia in Fra Mauro's Mappamundi (c. 1450) and the Narrative of Marco Polo (c. 1300) and Niccolò de’ Conti (1444)
  43. Zoltán Krasznai, The Rhetoric of Maps. Reconsidering Maps in the Decision-making Process at the Paris Peace Conference After World War I.

    Session XVI: Military Cartography, Chair: László Zentai

  44. John Cloud, The Cartographic Route Paved by the Charts of the Pathfinder
  45. Wang Zilan and Wang Kelin, Military Elements of Ma Wang Dui Maps 2100 years ago: Discussion of Cartographic Generalization according to Archaeological Materials and Classical Literatures
  46. Balázs Mihályi, Hungary The role of maps in the Battle of Budapest 1944-45

    Session XVII: Reconnaissance Maps, Chair: Alexey V. Postnikov

  47. Mitia Frumin, Road to war: Colonel Lvov’s reconnaissance mission in Syria (1834-1835)
  48. Ralph E. Ehrenberg, Aerial Navigation Strip Maps in the United States, 1918-1923 A Military Response to the Emergence of Cross-country Flying
  49. Peter Collier, The Air Survey Committee and the development of military mapping in Britain between the 1st and 2nd World Wars

    Session XVIII: Atlases, Chair: Peter van der Krogt

  50. Ferjan Ormeling, Bosatlas 1877-2005: 52 consecutive editions of a school atlas
  51. Gyuri Danku, Establishing the time of publication of the Danckerts Atlas’s maps. Epitome of a research relating to the Danckerts Atlas.
  52. Patrick McGlamery, Building a Globally Distributed Historical Sheet Map Set (belonging to session XXI)

    Friday, 22 July, 2005
    Session XIX: Thematic Maps, Chair: Ferjan Ormeling

  53. Diana Webster, Across Borders: Some Examples of 19th Century Scottish-German Cartographic Collaboration, Held in the Bartholomew Archives
  54. Antal András Deák, Unsurpassed level river mappation: Hydrographic surveys and maps of rivers in the Carpathian Basin in the first half of the 19th century
  55. Philippe Forêt, The discovery of climate change: The mapping of the Edsin-Gol River (Inner Mongolia) and the political significance of the work done by the Sino-Swedish Expedition (1927-1935)

    Session XX: Towns and Cities, Chair: Günter Schilder

  56. Peter van der Krogt, Joan Blaeu and his Town Atlases
  57. Andréa Doré, The Habsburgs’s plans of the Portuguese fortifications in India: a cartography with military and urbanistic interest
  58. Kory Olson, Transforming Paris and Mapping the Republic: Atlas des travaux de Paris 1789-1889

    Session XXI: Old Maps Digital, Chair: Hans-Uli Feldmann (see also Session XVIII)

  59. Martin Rickenbacher, DigiMeyer – a digitizing project for the large-size map of the Basel territory from the 1680s
  60. Elger Heere & Martijn Storms, Dutch estate atlases and historical GIS. Functions, use and digital cataloguing of manuscript property mapping (16th-19th century)


I. Early Map Printing Workshop, organized by Zsolt Török and George Carhart.
II. Plane Table Topographic Survey, organized by Török, Alexey Postnikov with Peter Collier

Poster Presentations 21st ICHC

Listed are the posters with a summary in the program book.
  1. Bartos-Elekes, Zsombor. Changing Toponyms and the Attitude of Maps (Transylvania, 1849–1940)
  2. Betz, Richard L. The Mapping of Africa: A Cartobibliography of Printed Maps of the African Continent from 1508 to 1700
  3. Bracke, Wouter. Jacob of Deventer' s first map of the Duchy of Brabant rediscovered
  4. Brunner, Hans, presenter Jana Moser. Germany First topographic survey with previous triangulation in Germany prior to 1800
  5. Bzinkowska, Jadwiga. Maps printed in Cracow in the 16th century
  6. Castelnovi, Michele. Verrazzano’s heritage in World’s representation by Bartolomeo Crescenzio (1579)
  7. Czigány, Szabolcs, István Horváth, László Nagyváradi, and Ervin Pirkhoffer. Cartography of the Archbishop of Pécs' Lands between 1735 and 1875
  8. Davie, Michael F. and Mitia Frumin. Veni, vide, delineavi: Beirut cityscape in the late 18th century through Russian Navy maps
  9. Espenhorst, Jürgen. Across the Borders – Export and Import of German School Atlases 1800-1950
  10. Dulce de Faria, Maria. Maps of Portugal’s Empire from the Barbosa Machado Collection
  11. Feldmann, Hans-Uli. The Correction of the Lakes of Biel, Neuchâtel and Murten, 1868–1891: An example of large land acquisition.
  12. Fernandes, Mário Gonçalves. Manoel de Azevedo Fortes (1660-1749): renovator of Portuguese Cartography
  13. Ferrand de Almeida, André. Disputed boundaries: the Luso-Spanish conflict and the mapping of South America in the late Eighteenth-Century
  14. Galambos, Csilla. Overview of the geological maps and their colour sign systems: some Hungarian examples
  15. Garcia, Joao Carlos, and István Rákóczi. Boundaries in South America and Jesuit cartographers from Central Europe (c. 1750)
  16. Gerhardt, Regine. Henry IV in the Cartography of his Capital: Paris as Projection Screen of the King
  17. Guszlev, Antal. Processing the 1528 map of Lazarus in GI environment
  18. Hasegawa, Koji. Mapping the changing borders with China, Russia and India during the Japanese Empire
  19. Irás, Krisztina. Settlements of the Kingdom of Hungary on portolan charts
  20. Jones, David L. Habsburg Empire/Successor States Maps at the University of Alberta
  21. Koch, Wolf Günther. The Graphic Design of the District Maps of the German Geographer and Cartographer Adam Friedrich Zürner (1679-1742)
  22. Kunz, Andreas, and Joachim Robert Moeschl. Mapping the Habsburg Empire 1789-1918: A Digital Perspective
  23. Lekai, Lada L. Mapping of Kamchatka: the First Quarter of Twentieth Century
  24. Liebenberg, Elri. Mapping South Africa in the 1830s: the cartography of James Centlivres Chase
  25. Lukács, Lilla. Naming of geographical regions on maps of Hungary in the 20th century
  26. Macle Cruz, Jorge. José María de la Torre : a notable Cuban cartographer
  27. Miletić Drder, Mira, and Renata Šolar. Mapping the Austrian-Hungarian Empire: Contribution of Croatian and Slovenian Cartographers in the 19th century
  28. Miskovic, Veselin. A Set of Handdrawn Ptolemaic Maps in the National and University Library in Ljubljana
  29. Nemerkényi, Zsombor. The Discoveries and the Maps of László Magyar : A Comparison to the Reports of Contemporary Travellers
  30. Novak, Drago. The portolans of Vincentius Demetrius Volcius (1563-1607) - A portolan maker from Dubrovnik
  31. Postnikov, Alexey V. New data on Russian Geographical and Cartographical Materials which had been carried out from Russia to France by J. N. Delisle
  32. Reisz, T. Csaba. How many data can be crowded in a pocket-atlas? J. M. Korabinszky’s Atlas regni Hungariae portatilis (1804)
  33. Reyes Nuñez, José Jesús. Erwin Raisz' influence in the Cuban cartography from 1929 to 1959
  34. Sturani, Maria Luisa. Cartography as a Tool for Fixing Borders at Local and National Scale: A. Durieu, Cadastral and Border Maps in 18th Century Savoy
  35. Washington Map Society represented by Thomas F. Sander. The Washington Map Society, Washington DC, USA
  36. Werner, Jan Three remarkable Dutch atlases: by Gerard van Schagen, Abraham Ortelius and Joan Blaeu (Recent major acquisitions in the Universiteitsbibliotheek Amsterdam).
  37. Zinchuk, Liudmila N. The scientific value of lettering and textual inscriptions on the maps of The Drawing book of Siberia by S. Remezov


Three publications are relevant to the 21st International Conference on the History of Cartography (biographical descriptions by Francis Herbert, sent to MapHist, 1 August 2005):

ISCEM (International Society of Curators of Early Maps) Kalocsa tour

On Saturday, July 16, the International Society of Curators of Early Maps held its biennial meeting during a special tour in the town of Kalocsa. The thousand year old Kalocsa is a small town in the south part of Hungary. In the morning, the Archdiocesan Library was visited. The Archdiocesan Library’s map collection is one of the largest private collections in Hungary. The some 26 000 volumes, the cartography related collection of the library includes rare printed and manuscript material, starting with Isidorus’ 1472 Etymologiarum. The history of the library goes back to the 15 th century. The building was constructed and the collection enlarged by the influential archbishops of Kalocsa. They obtained valuable additions to their collection through their agents in Europe. The Baroque library has been recently renovated and its contemporary bound, sometimes untouched volumes, as well as the splendid interior decoration offers the original atmosphere of the 18 th century map library, a unique experience for every map enthusiast.

After the meeting the touristic program started with a lunch in a typical Hungarian atmosphere. Afterwards first the Kalocsa folklore museum was visited. Then a special organ concert in the baroque main cathedral. Finaly, one could visit the Paprika House, where the procedure of the cultivation and the processing of the world famous spice, the paprika (red pepper) of Kalocsa, could be seen.


  1. BIMCC Newsletter 23 (September 2005: 22-23 (Lisette Danckaert)
  2. Cartographica Helvetica 32 (Juli 2005): 42-43 (Wolfgang Lierz).
  3. Geo-Info: Tijdschrift voor Geo-informatie Nederland 2,9 (2005): 394-395 (Marco van Egmond).
  4. Imago Mundi No. 58, pt. 1 (2006): 90-94 (Marco van Egmond).
  5. The Portolan No. 64 (2005-2006): 57-61 (Hubert O. Johnson).

© 1995-2005 Idea and text 1964-95: Douglas Sims; text 1997- and web version: Peter van der Krogt